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Table 2 Key lifestyle elements included in the TRIMS education programme

From: The Reversal Intervention for Metabolic Syndrome (TRIMS) study: rationale, design, and baseline data

Modifiable lifestyle factors

Key lifestyle elements

Source of evidence

  

MetS systematic review

MetS specific guidelines & recommendations

Other guidelines & recommendations

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Increase physical activity

WEIGHT/WAIST SIZE

Sustained weight loss

 

Moderate calorie restriction

DIETARY FACTORS

Dietary consumption:

   

Fibre

Increase wholegrains (reduce refined carbohydrates)

 

Increase legumes

 

Increase fruit and vegetables

Fats

Moderate reduction in total fat

 

Reduce saturated fat

 

Increase mono-unsaturated fat

Omega-3

Increase fish/oily fish

Salt

Reduce salt

Alcohol

Alcohol in moderation

SMOKING

Cessation of smoking

  1. References: MetS systematic review [31]; MetS specific guidelines & recommendations [5, 6, 37, 38]; Other guidelines & recommendations [3236].