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Table 1 Population characteristics of the study area (Gaibandha - column 3) compared to national statistics for Bangladesh as a whole (column 1), and only Rural Bangladesh (column 2).

From: A cluster-randomized, placebo-controlled, maternal vitamin a or beta-carotene supplementation trial in bangladesh: design and methods

  Bangladesh - Overall Rural Bangladesh Gaibandha Difference between Rural Bangladesh and Gaibandha
  (1) (2) (3) (2)-(3)
  % % % %
Women of Reproductive Age     
Age, years     
   15-19 21.9 21.8 20.3 1.5
   20-24 18.1 18.1 19.9 -1.8
   25-29 16.0 15.9 15.8 0.1
   30-34 13.4 13.6 13.4 0.2
   35-39 12.7 12.5 13.3 -0.8
   40-44 9.5 9.5 10.0 -0.5
   45-49 8.5 8.8 7.2 1.6
Education     
   None 34.1 37.6 41.1 -3.5
   Primary incomplete 13.8 15.5 12.3 3.2
   Primary complete 11.9 12.5 9.0 3.5
   Secondary incomplete 27.1 26.8 25.2 1.6
   Secondary complete or higher 12.8 7.3 11.7 -4.4
   Non-standard curriculum 0.4 0.4 0.7 -0.3
Household characteristics     
Floor construction     
   Earth/sand 78.2 90.4 84.4 6.0
   Palm/bamboo/wood 1.2 1.2 0.0 1.2
   Cement 20.0 8.3 15.6 -7.3
Roof construction     
   Thatch/leaf 6.8 7.8 4.7 3.1
   Palm/bamboo 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0
   Metal/Tin 83.4 87.5 91.9 -4.4
   Cement 7.5 2.2 2.9 -0.7
Wall construction     
   Cane/palm/leaf/jute sticks 8.5 11.0 12.7 -1.7
   Dirt/mud 15.5 17.9 15.7 2.2
   Bamboo/Bamboo with mud 16.8 16.9 10.6 6.3
   Tin sheet 34.9 39.2 43.0 -3.8
   Bricks 21.2 12.0 16.7 -4.7
Household assets     
   Electricity 50.5 39.3 37.5 1.8
   Radio 30.2 29.3 27.7 1.6
   Television 34.6 24.8 25.5 -0.7
   Mobile phone 25.2 18.4 15.1 3.3
   Watch 72.9 69.5 58.9 10.6
   Bicycle 27.7 28.6 30.3 -1.7
   Motorcycle or scooter 3.6 2.4 3.9 -1.5
   Rickshaw van 5.7 5.5 6.5 -1.0
Government Health Services     
Nutrition Program Coverage     
   Vitamin A supplementation - Children1 89.2 88.3 90.8 -2.5
   Postpartum Vitamin A supplementation2 17.2 15.8 18.0 -2.2
Child and Maternal Vaccination 3     
   BCG 97.0 96.7 98.4 -1.7
   DPT (1st Dose) 96.6 96.2 98.4 -2.2
   Polio (1st Dose) 99.1 99.0 100.0 1.0
   Measles 87.5 87.2 93.7 -6.5
   Maternal tetanus toxoid (TT) 4 89.6 88.9 85.7 3.2
Environmental characteristics     
Source of drinking water     
   Piped into dwelling or common area 6.6 0.3 2.0 -1.7
   Tubewell/borehole 88.7 95.9 94.8 1.1
Sanitation     
   Piped sewer system 2.9 0.2 0.3 -0.1
   Septic tank system 13.2 7.2 15.7 -8.5
   Closed-slab pit latrine (Sealed) 23.1 24.5 23.9 0.6
   Open pit/Hanging Toilet 52.1 58.3 35.5 22.8
   No facilities or bush or field 7.5 9.2 23.3 -14.1
   Use of improved sanitation5 39.2 31.9 39.9 -8.0
Reproductive Health     
Antenatal Care Provider     
   Medical doctor 37.1 31.1 26.3 4.8
   Nurse/midwife 10.6 10.1 12.0 -1.9
   Community health worker 4.6 5.1 5.3 -0.2
   No ANC received 43.8 49.2 48.9 0.3
Assistance at delivery     
   Medical doctor 15.5 10.6 7.5 3.1
   Nurse/midwife 4.6 3.4 6.0 -2.6
   TBA 66.0 71.1 48.1 23.0
   Relative/Friend 11.2 12.3 33.1 -20.8
Place of delivery     
   Home 82.7 88.2 89.2 1.0
   Delivery in health facility6 16.0 10.7 9.0 1.7
Education     
School attendance, by Sex     
   Primary school attendance (Male) 78.9 79.0 73.4 5.6
   Primary school attendance (Female) 83.7 84.2 75.5 8.7
   Secondary school attendance (Male) 36.2 33.6 38.3 -4.7
   Secondary school attendance (Female) 41.4 39.4 36.3 3.1
Adult (15-24 years) literacy     
   Female 69.9 67.6 62.8 4.8
Early marriage     
   Married before age 157 33.1 36.2 40.0 -3.8
   Married before age 188 74.0 78.4 79.7 -1.3
   Married women, aged 15-19 years 41.9 46.1 51.3 -5.2
  1. Public-access data analyzed from the 2006 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), conducted by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) between June and October 2006, sponsored by UNICEF (16). A total 62,463 households (1,950 clusters) were surveyed, where 1,280 clusters were from rural areas and 38 were from Gaibandha (16). (Some category totals do not add to 100% as rows may have been omitted for brevity, or lack of information.)
  2. 1Children of age 9-59 months who received vitamin A supplementation in the last six months prior to the survey interview.
  3. 2Mothers aged 15-49 years with a birth in the two years preceding the survey who received high-dose vitamin A supplementation before the infant was 8 weeks old.
  4. 3Children aged 12-23 months with proof of current vaccination against childhood disease.
  5. 4TT: Mothers with live births in one year preceding the survey who were given at least two doses of tetanus toxoid vaccine within the appropriate interval prior to giving birth.
  6. 5Improved sanitation facilities are: flush to piped sewer system, flush to septic tank, flush to pit latrine and pit latrine with slab.
  7. 6Health facility: public sector and private sector health facilities.
  8. 7Numerator: number of women that were first married by the exact age of 15 and denominator: total number of women aged 15-49 years. 8Numerator: number of women that were first married by the exact age of 18.2 and denominator: total number of women aged 15-49 years.