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Table 4 Some baseline characteristics of participants in the control and intervention groups (p-value for difference by group).

From: Taking Action Together: A YMCA-based protocol to prevent Type-2 Diabetes in high-BMI inner-city African American children

  Characteristic Control
(mean)
Intervention
(mean)
p-value
Child Age (yr) 9.84 9.85 0.92
  BMI z-score 2.00 2.05 0.52
  Waist-to-hip ratio 0.88 0.89 0.36
  % body fat 36.2 36.3 0.90
  Pubertal stage (1-5 scale) 2.28 2.17 0.54
  Fasting HbA1c (%) 5.18 5.14 0.44
  Fasting HOMA-IR 2.49 2.51 0.94
  Fasting ISI-FFA 0.43 0.42 0.72
  Energy intake (kcal/day) 1829 1887 0.53
  Fat intake (g/day) 75.2 73.0 0.62
  Carbohydrate intake (g/day) 220 245 0.04
  Protein intake (g/day) 71.5 67.9 0.38
  Whole grains intake (servings/day) 0.70 0.73 0.77
  Fruit & vegetable intake (servings/day) 2.06 2.38 0.10
  Dairy intake (servings/day) 1.27 1.21 0.59
  Nutrition knowledge (1-22 scale) 9.63 9.96 0.25
  Food preferences (7-25 scale) 16.0 16.3 0.32
  Snack habits (1-5 scale) 2.41 2.45 0.76
  Fitness (ml O2/min/kg body wt) 41.8 43.8 0.26
  Moderate- & high-intensity physical activity (min/day) 89.7 104.4 0.31
  Global self-worth (1-4 scale) 2.98 3.04 0.55
  Athletic competence (1-4 scale) 2.76 2.82 0.47
Family or Adult Age of adult responder (yr) 37.1 38.5 0.30
  SEI (4-12 range) 8.42 8.29 0.59
  Family History of T2DM (0-2 scale) 0.13 0.20 0.18
  Intrauterine risk for T2DM (0-2 scale) 0.34 0.32 0.82
  Food habits (7-36 scale) 21.9 23.0 0.04
  Physical activity habits (3-15 scale) 11.7 12.2 0.28
  Family Cohesion (1-4 scale) 3.47 3.45 0.81
  Family Conflict (1-4 scale) 0.94 0.85 0.38