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Table 3 Comparison of clinical results.

From: Cost-minimization analysis in a blind randomized trial on small-incision versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy from a societal perspective: sick leave outweighs efforts in hospital savings

  Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
(n = 120)
Small-incision cholecystectomy
(n = 137)
Statistical analysis
Mortality 0 0  
Complications 21 16 p = 0.119
intra-operative 5 3 p = 0.363
postoperative 16 13 p = 0.331
Failed symptom relief 11 (9.2%) 14 (10.2%) p = 0.777
Operative time (min):    
mean (SD) 71.9 (25.8) 60.4 (18.3) p < 0.001
median (range) 68.5 (26-215) 60.0 (29-105)  
Conversion rate 14 (11.7%) 22 (16.1%) p = 0.312
Operative team:    
surgeon-resident 15 (12.5%) 21 (15.3%) p = 0.515
resident-surgeon 84 (70.0%) 100 (73.0%) p = 0.596
resident-resident 21 (17.5%) 18 (13.1%) p = 0.331
Hospital stay*    
mean (SD) 2.4 (4.6) 3.1 (12.4) p = 0.560
median (range) 1 (1 - 36) 2 (1 - 144)  
Hospital stay* (without 1 extreme value)
mean (SD)
2.1 (3.4) 2.0 (2.4) p = 0.877
Number of patients with:    
1 night stay postoperative 67 (55.8%) 62 (45.3%) p = 0.091
2 nights stay postoperative 38 (31.7% 56 (40.9%) p = 0.127
  1. * hospital stay: in postoperative nights